FODMAP simply stands for Fermentable Oligo-Di-Monosaccharides and Polyols – bit of a tongue twister, hence the acronym. The diet is based around eliminating FODMAPs, which are certain types of carbohydrate that are not absorbed in the small intestine and are inadvertently passed onto the colon. This lack of absorption causes particular problems for sufferers of IBS as bloating symptoms such as flatulence, abdominal pain and constipation can occur.
The diet is often used in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) however it is also beneficial to anyone who may have any other kind of digestive disorder.
If you think that you may benefit from following the FODMAP diet, seek advice from a dietitian. They will be able to help carefully eliminate the harmful carbohydrates from your diet. You will need aid from a dietitian as they will be able to determine which food is causing you significant problems.
The process: Once you and your dietitian have weened you off high FODMAP foods you will notice a vast improvement in your symptoms. After this you will then begin to introduce FODMAPs back into your diet, one by one, so that you can then figure out, from the way your gut responds, which foods you are and aren’t able to tolerate.
FODMAPs are usually found in processed foods, wheat products and some fruit and vegetables. Download this PDF for a full and comprehensive list of low FODMAP foods.